par- 13 février 2011 - ( maj : 13 février 2011 )
The European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA) was a multinational European project for deep ice core drilling in Antarctica. Its main objective was to obtain full documentation of the climatic and atmospheric record archived in Antarctic ice by drilling and analyzing two ice cores and comparing these with their Greenland counterparts (GRIP and GISP). Evaluation of these records will provide information about the natural climate variability and mechanisms of rapid climatic changes during the last glacial epoch.
The European Science Foundation EPICA Programme (1996–2005) provided co-ordination for EPICA drilling activities at Dome Concordia and Kohnen Station, which are supported by the European Commission and by national contributions from Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Deep drilling took place at two sites in Antarctica : Concordia Station at Dome C and Kohnen Station.
(EPICA Wikipedia entry)
The EPICA projet was a huge success, both technologically (both deep drillings reaching bedrock) and scientifically (extending the ice core record to 800000 years before present, resulting in an impressive number of high-profile publications). In 2008 the project received the Descartes Prize for Research.
Voir en ligne : ESF EPICA web page
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